Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (AFWA)

AFWA represents North America’s fish and wildlife agencies to advance sound, science-based management and conservation of fish and wildlife and their habitats in the public interest.

AFWA has an Energy and Wildlife Policy Committee focused on energy development and generation in North America and its impacts on fish and wildlife resources and their landscape habitats at the state, province, territory, region and international levels.

Wind Power Siting, Incentives, and Wildlife Guidelines in the United States (October 2007)


Western Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies (WAFWA)

WAFWA represents 23 states and Canadian provinces, an area covering nearly 3.7 million square miles of North America’s most wild and scenic country. WAFWA’s reach encompasses more than 40 percent of North America, including two-thirds of the United States. WAFWA supports sound resource management and building partnerships at all levels to conserve wildlife for the use and benefit of all citizens, now and in the future.



Western Governors’ Association (WGA)

The Western Governors’ Wildlife Council, at the direction of the Governors, developed policies and conservation planning priorities to assist states in identifying and conserving crucial wildlife habitat and corridors across the region.

Development of Sustainable Strategies Supporting Transportation Planning and Conservation Priorities across the West

State-Specific Links

Find links to state-specific wind energy and wildlife information below. This list should not be considered exhaustive. Links for state-specific resources are provided for easy reference.

Do you know of additional state wind-wildlife resources that are not on this list? Did you find a broken link? Contact us and let us know!

Arizona Game and Fish Department

Guidelines for Reducing Impacts to Wildlife from Wind Energy Development in Arizona

California Energy Commission

California Guidelines for Reducing Impacts to Birds and Bats from Wind Energy Development

The Desert Renewable Energy Conservation Plan (DRECP), a major component of California’s renewable energy planning efforts, will help provide effective protection and conservation of desert ecosystems while allowing for the appropriate development of renewable energy projects.

Colorado Parks & Wildlife

Wind Power & Wildlife Symposium


Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection

Renewable Energy

Georgia Department of Natural Resources

Bird Collision Research in Georgia

Hawaii Department of Land and Natural Resources

Habitat Conservation Plans

Idaho Governor’s Office of Energy Resources

Resources for Wind Project Development in Idaho

Illinois Department of Natural Resources

The Possible Effects of Wind Energy on Illinois Birds and Bats (2007)

Iowa Department of Natural Resources

Wind and Wildlife

Kansas Department of Wildlife, Parks and Tourism

Wind Power and Wildlife Issues in Kansas

Maryland Department of Natural Resources

Offshore Wind in Maryland

Massachusetts Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs

Renewable Energy Resources

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Guidance for Commercial Wind Energy Projects (Updated 2018)

Missouri Department of Conservation

Wind Energy Resources

Montana Department of Environmental Quality

Wind in Montana

Nebraska Game and Parks Commission

Resources on Wind and Wildlife in Nebraska (scroll to middle of page)

University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Nebraska Wind Energy and Wildlife Project

Nevada Department of Wildlife

Sage Grouse Conservation

New Hampshire Fish and Game Department

Bats of New Hampshire

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection

Technical Manual for Evaluating Wildlife Impacts of Wind Turbines Requiring Coastal Permits (2010)

New Mexico Department of Game and Fish

Recommendations to Minimize Adverse Impacts of Wind Energy Development on Wildlife (2012)

New York Department of Environmental Conservation

Wind Power

North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission

North Carolina Wildlife Action Plan (2005)

Ohio Department of Natural Resources

Ohio Wildlife and Wind Energy Policy

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife

Oregon Columbia Plateau Ecoregion Wind Energy Siting and Permitting Guidelines (2008)

Pennsylvania Game Commission

Wind Energy

Rhode Island Office of Energy Resources

Wind Energy

South Carolina Energy Office

Wind Energy

South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks

Wildlife Management Plans

South Dakota Public Utilities Commission

Wind Energy

Texas Parks and Wildlife Department

Voluntary Recommendations for Wind Energy Development (2008)

Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife

Draft Guidelines for the Review and Evaluation of Potential Natural Resources Impacts from Utility-Scale Wind Energy Facilities in Vermont (2006)

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Wind Power

Wind Power Guidelines

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Wind Power

Wyoming Game & Fish Department

Wind Energy Development

University of Wyoming Ruckelshaus Institute of Environment and Natural Resources

Wind Development and Wildlife Mitigation in Wyoming: A Primer (2012)

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources

Bats and Bat Habitats: Guidelines for Wind Power Projects (2011)

Photo Credit: Roof Wind Turbines Blue By Orbmiser, Flickr, licensed under CC BY 2.0